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Bangladesh Heritage

About Bangladesh

Bangladesh is located in south-central Asia next to India and Myanmar (Burma).

The dense population speaks Bengali. The language movement from 1948 had a large impact on Bangladesh’s independence established through the liberation war in 1971. The history greatly influenced Bangladeshi culture, providing topics for cinema, literature, and arts.

Bangla people cherish and celebrate traditions and festivals like Nobonno (festival of new harvest), Pohela Boishakh (Bengali New Year), Eid Reunion and Iftar Party (religious food festivals), Durga Puja (outdoor art festival).

National occasions like Shadhinota Dibosh (Independence Day), Bijoy Dibosh (Victory Day), and the historic Language Martyr’s Day (International Mother Language Day) also mark Bangladeshi life.

A selection of Bangladeshi music instruments: Dhol (Drum), Pepa (Flute), and Taal (Cymbals)

A selection of Bangladeshi music instruments:
Dhol (Drum), Pepa (Flute), and Taal (Cymbals)

The ethnic cuisine with dishes like Panta Ilish (fish served on Bengali New Year), Sweet Chai (tea), Biryani (fried rice dish served on weddings) is an essential part of Bengali culture. Traditional instruments like e.g. the Esraj (Indian harp), the Harmonium, Dhaks and Dhols (percussive drums) are commonly used in folk music. And the people of Bangladesh enjoy sports like e.g. Gilli-Danda (ancient form of cricket), Boli Khela (wrestling), and kite fighting.

Two Bangladeshi boys playing Gilli-Danda at the flight of steps leading down to the Ganges river

Two Bangladeshi boys playing Gilli-Danda at the flight of steps
leading down to the Ganges river

 

Quick Facts

Map of Bangladesh

Map of Bangladesh

Name
People's Republic of Bangladesh
Capital City
Dhaka
Population
~166 Million

Government
Parliamentary democracy
Language
Bangla (official), English
Currency
Taka (BDT)

Bordering Countries
India, Burma (Myanmar)
Land Area
143,998 sq km
Peak
Keokradong (4,035 ft)